What is the real nature of anti-semitism? What are its causes, and how should it be dealt with? Why are the Jews vilified for being too involved and for being too detached, for being too rich and for being too poor? Why has assimilation failed to defuse anti-Semitism ? In The jew in Exile, S. 1. Klein offers some convincing answers to these troubling questions based on research in classical Hebrew sources and the traditional writings of the great European Talmudists. The author also addresses many contemporary issues as they relate to the condition of the Jew in modern times, including the Western social environment, religion and politics in Israel, humanist philosophy and the Holocaust.